Wolin (island and city)

Town


The lighthouse on the western coast of the island of Wolin – north of the part of Świnoujście located on this island. – Picture of skuter56 from Pixabay

The island

Location and history

Wolin, located on the Baltic Sea as part of the northern Polish coastline, is the largest island that is fully within Poland's borders. In terms of area, Wolin is the size of Langeland. To the south of the island is Szczecin Fjord, to the east the narrow Dziwna Strait separates the island from the west Pomeranian mainland and to the west Wolin is separated from the island of Uznam by the Świna Strait.
Wolinianie is the name of the Slavic people who inhabited the island of Wolin in the early Middle Ages and the right bank of the Szczecin fjord. In 967, they were defeated by King Mieszko I. In 1034, they regained the freedom, but in 1121 they were again defeated, this time by Bolesław III Skævmund, which included the area in West Pomerania.
The surface of the island consists mainly of moraine formation and sand. There are quite high moraine bins, e.g. Grzywacz (115 masl). On the coasts the hills stand like tall cliffs, alternating with lots of low dunes. Near the fjord are several wetlands and lakes, such as Wicko Wielkie and Koprowo.
The areas near the port as well as the western part are largely wooded (pine, oak and beech forests), the eastern part is mainly cultivated agricultural areas.
The National Park “Wolynski Park Narodowy” is located on the central part of the island.
Near the village of Kolczewo on the northern part of the island is a large and widely used golf course “Amber Baltic Golf Club”.
Across the southern part of the island, pass highway # 3 (E65), which connects the ferry town of ouwinoujście with the big city of Szczecin.

Tourist attractions

Wolin National Park. The bath and spa town of Międzyzdroje. Historical memories of the ancient city of Wolin. The resort of Międzywodzie. Golf club Amber Baltic Golf Club at Kolczewo. At the cozy resort Dziwnów, located mainly on the mainland, a bridge connects Wolin with the Pomeranian mainland.

Accommodation

Booking.com
see below: Międzyzdroje and Wolin

Localities on Wolin

Wolin. – Międzyzdroje – Part of Świnoujście . – Part of Dziwnów .

Other Internet sites and sources

Wolin on line. Oficjalna strikes Miasta in Gminy Wolin (in Polish, English, German. French, Swedish, Russian)

The city

Distance

18 km NV, 26 km NE, 28 km NV, 37 km NE, 44 km SE, 54 km NE, 61 km NE, 80 km S

Location and history

Wolin is located in the West Pomeranian County, on the island of Wolin, on the Dziwna Strait. There are wood and food industry.
The traces of habitation in the area of the present city date back to the younger Stone Age. In the 9th year. a Slavic settlement came into being, called Jumne, Wineta or Jomsborg.
Town of Wolin’s story is lost in legends and legends. Archaeologists and historians do not quite agree, but the city is probably identical with the important and very wealthy trading town of Vineta (Wineta) as well as with Jomsborg, also known from Nordic sources.
The city soon developed into an important center for trade, industry and crafts (including amber and glass). In the 10th year. a port was built at Dziwna. Until the beginning of the 11th century, the city was an independent republic. The Danish attacks in 1043 and 1097 formed the beginning of the city's slow decline.
Between 1124 and 1128 Wolin was christened and in 1140 a bishopric seat was created here. In 1170, 1173, 1177 and 1185, the city was destroyed by Danish assaults. Wolin gained market town rights at some point before 1279. In the 13th century. Wolin was admitted to the Hanse association.
Until the 17th century, the city belonged to the West Pomeranian rulers, from 1648 to 1720 under Sweden and later under Prussia. 70% of the city was destroyed in 1945. After World War II, Wolin returned to Poland.

Tourist attractions

The ruins of the churches of St. Georg and St. Nicholas (15th century, built in the 19th century), remains of the city wall (14th century), the town hall.
Several archaeological sites, the oldest of which date back to the 9th century.

Accommodation

Wolin on line. Oficjalna strikes Miasta in Gminy Wolin (in Polish, English, German. French, Swedish, Russian)

Other Internet sites and sources

Literature:
Filipowiak, Wladyslaw: Wolin – Jomsborg: a Viking Age trading town in Poland / WladyslawFilipowiak; translation: Eva Floryan; editorial and text editing: M. Andersen and F. Birkebæk, drawings and photographs: M. Jusza … et al .. – Roskilde: Roskilde Museum, 1991. – 40 pages: ill.

links:
Wolin on line. Oficjalna strikes Miasta in Gminy Wolin (in Polish, English, German. French, Swedish, Russian)

Translated into English by Google Translate. Spangshus.dk accept no liability for any errors or omissions in translation.

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Wolin (island and city)
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